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Free Information on Knee and Leg


About this information


The information available from the links below is reliable, easy-to-read (plain English) and, in some cases, easily avaialble for print. This information is recommended by the Australian Orthopaedic Association.

Orthoinfo, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons page for patients, is here. Their information is listed in the left column. 

Orthoanswer, a web site developed for patients by a fellow Australian orthopaedic surgeon, is here. Their information is in the column on the right.

NHS Choice, the website of the National Health Service in the UK, is here. Their information is in the column at the bottom of the page.

 To use this page
  • Look for the injury, disease, condition or treatment you would like information on

  • Click in the link

  • For example - for bowed legs scroll down to the "diseases and conditions" section, find "bowed legs", and click on the link.


Alternatively use the "search" or "find" feature in your browser to locate the word or phrase you are looking for on this page.

The default/usual keys to press to find things in most web browser is Ctrl+F.

Some basic information on spines is available from the AAOS here.


Any/all patients being considered for surgery will be shown this information as part of their "informed consent" process.

Orthoinfo (AAOS)


Breaks, Injuries, Diseases and Conditions


Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries

Arthritis of the Knee

Bowed Legs (Blount's Disease)

Collateral Ligament Injuries

Combined Knee Ligament Injuries

Common Knee Injuries

Compartment Syndrome

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Discoid Meniscus

Distal Femur (Thighbone) Fractures of the Knee

Fractures of the Proximal Tibia (Shinbone)

Growth Plate Fractures


Joint Replacement Infection

Limb Length Discrepancy

Meniscus Tears

Meniscus Tears Overview

Nerve Injuries

Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Knee Pain)

Osteoarthritis of the Knee Animation

Osteonecrosis of the Knee

Patellar (Kneecap) Fractures

Patellar Dislocation and Instability in Children (Unstable Kneecap)

Patellar Tendon Tear

Patellofemoral Arthritis

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patient Story: ACL and Meniscus Tears

Patient Story: Infection After Fracture

Patient Story: Knee Ligament Injuries

Patient Story: Knee Ligament Injuries and Meniscus Tear

Patient Story: Multiple Knee Injuries and Knee Instability

Pes Anserine (Knee Tendon) Bursitis

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

Prepatellar (Kneecap) Bursitis

Quadriceps Tendon Tear

Shin Splints

Stress Fractures

The Limping Child

Tibia (Shinbone) Shaft Fractures

Toe Walking

Unstable Kneecap


Treatments & Surgeries


ACL Injury: Does It Require Surgery?

ACL Reconstruction Procedure

Activities After Knee Replacement

Alternative Methods to Help Manage Pain After Orthopaedic Surgery

Anesthesia for Hip and Knee Surgery

Before and After Total Joint Replacement

Care of Casts and Splints

Getting the Most Out of Your Doctor's Visit

How Broken Bones Heal

How to Use Crutches, Canes, and Walkers

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy Exercise Guide

Knee Conditioning Program

Knee Rehabilitation Exercises

Knee Replacement Implants

Managing Pain With Medications After Orthopaedic Surgery

Meniscal Transplant Surgery

Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement

Osteotomy of the Knee

Patellofemoral Replacement

Patient Story: Osteoarthritis and Total Knee Replacement

Patient Story: Posttraumatic Arthritis and Total Knee Replacement

Pregnancy and X-rays

Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery

Preventing Blood Clots After Orthopaedic Surgery

Revision Total Knee Replacement

Total Joint Replacement

Total Joint Replacement: Questions Patients Should Ask Their Surgeon

Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement Exercise Guide

Total Knee Replacement Procedure

Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

Viscosupplementation Treatment for Knee Arthritis

Staying healthy


Baseball Injury Prevention

Bone Health Basics

Football Injury Prevention

Golf Injury Prevention

Guidelines for Preventing Falls

Gymnastics Injury Prevention

Halloween Safety Tips

Healthy Bones at Every Age

Hockey Injury Prevention

Knee Exercises

Osteoporosis Prevention

The Impact of Childhood Obesity on Bone, Joint, and Muscle Health

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