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Free Information by Topic

About this information

The information available from the links below is reliable, easy-to-read (plain English) and, in some cases, easily avaialble for print. This information is recommended by the Australian Orthopaedic Association.

Orthoinfo, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons page for patients, is here. Their information is listed in the left column.

 

NHS Choice, the website of the National Health Service in the UK, is here. Their information is in the column on the right.

 To use this page
  • Look for the topic you would like information on

  • The subjects underneath are all related to that topic.

 

  • Click in the link

  • For example - for hip arthritis, scroll down to the "arthritis" section, find "hip arthritis", and click on the link.

Alternatively use the "search" or "find" feature in your browser to locate the word or phrase you are looking for on this page.

The default/usual keys to press to find things in most web browser is Ctrl+F.

Any/all patients being considered for surgery will be shown this information as part of their "informed consent" process.

Orthoinfo (AAOS/USA)

 

 

Topics include:

Childrens conditions

Lumps, lesions and cancers

Sports (soft tissue) injuries

Broken bones and osteoporosis

Arthritis

Bone health

Diagnostic tests

Non surgical treatments and medicines

Preparing for surgery

Arthroscopy (keyhole surgery)

Joint replacement surgery

Recovery from surgery

Rehabilitation exercises/handouts

Fitness and exercise

Sports injury prevention

Home and recreational safety

CHILDRENS CONDITIONS

 

Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain

Adolescent Hip Dysplasia

Ankle Fractures In Children

Back Pain in Children

Bone, Joint, and Muscle Infections in Children

Bowed Legs (Blount's Disease)

Cerebral Palsy

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

Clubfoot

Congenital Hand Differences

Congenital Muscular Torticollis (Twisted Neck)

Congenital Scoliosis

Developmental Dislocation (Dysplasia) of the Hip (DDH)

Discoid Meniscus

Elbow Fractures in Children

Erb's Palsy (Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy)

Flexible Flatfoot in Children

Forearm Fractures in Children

Growth Plate Fractures

High School Sports Injuries

Idiopathic Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents

Intoeing

Introduction to Scoliosis

Juvenile Arthritis

Kyphosis (Roundback) of the Spine

Lawn Mower Injuries in Children

Limb Length Discrepancy

Marfan Syndrome

Muscular Dystrophy

Neuromuscular Scoliosis

Nursemaid's Elbow

Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Knee Pain)

Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Overuse Injuries in Children

Patellar Dislocation and Instability in Children (Unstable Kneecap)

Patient Story: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Patient Story: Chiari Malformation and Scoliosis

Perthes Disease

Rickets

Scoliosis: Frequently Asked Questions

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

Snapping Hip

Spinal Deformity in Children with Myelomeningocele

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

Tarsal Coalition

The Limping Child

Thighbone (Femur) Fractures In Children

Throwing Injuries in the Elbow in Children

Toe Walking

Vertical Talus

 

 

LUMPS, LESIONS AND CANCERS

 

Bone Tumor

Chondroblastoma

Chondromyxoid Fibroma

Chondrosarcoma

Chordoma

Enchondroma

Ewing's Sarcoma

Extra-Abdominal Desmoid Tumors

Fibrous Dysplasia

Giant Cell Tumor of Bone

Hemangioma

Leukemia

Lipoma

Metastatic Bone Disease

Multiple Myeloma/Plasmacytoma

Nonossifying Fibroma

Osteoblastoma

Osteochondroma

Osteofibrous Dysplasia and Adamantinoma

Osteoid Osteoma

Osteosarcoma

Paget's Disease of Bone

Patient Story: Bone Cancer

Periosteal and Soft Tissue Chondromas

Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis

Primary Lymphoma of Bone

Soft Tissue Sarcomas

Synovial Chondromatosis

 

 

SPORTS (SOFT TISSUE) INJURIES

 

Achilles Tendinitis

Adolescent Anterior Knee Pain

Ankle Fractures (Broken Ankle)

Ankle Fractures In Children

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries

Back Pain in Children

Biceps Tendinitis

Biceps Tendon Tear at the Shoulder

Burners and Stingers

Chronic Shoulder Instability

Collateral Ligament Injuries

Combined Knee Ligament Injuries

Common Knee Injuries

Compartment Syndrome

Dislocated Shoulder

Elbow Injuries in the Throwing Athlete

Female Athlete Triad: Problems Caused by Extreme Exercise and Dieting

Femoroacetabular Impingement

Hamstring Muscle Injuries

Heat Injury and Heat Exhaustion

High School Sports Injuries

Hip Strains

Lisfranc (Midfoot) Injury

Mallet Finger (Baseball Finger)

Meniscus Tears

Meniscus Tears Overview -

Muscle Contusion (Bruise)

Muscle Cramps

Muscle Strains in the Thigh

Neck Sprain

Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Knee Pain)

Overuse Injuries in Children

Patellar Dislocation and Instability in Children (Unstable Kneecap)

Patellar Tendon Tear

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Pes Anserine (Knee Tendon) Bursitis

Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs

Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

Quadriceps Tendon Tear

Rotator Cuff Tears

Shin Splints

Shoulder Impingement/Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

Shoulder Injuries in the Throwing Athlete

Shoulder Joint Tear (Glenoid Labrum Tear)

Shoulder Pain and Common Shoulder Problems

Skin Infections in Athletes

SLAP Tears

Snapping Hip

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

Sports Concussion

Sports Hernia (Athletic Pubalgia)

Sprained Thumb

Sprains, Strains and Other Soft-Tissue Injuries

Sternoclavicular (SC) Joint Disorders

Stress Fractures

Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)

Throwing Injuries in the Elbow in Children

Turf Toe

Unstable Kneecap

Wrist Sprains

 

 

BROKEN BONES AND OSTEOPOROSIS

 

Acetabular Fractures

Adult Forearm Fractures

Ankle Fractures (Broken Ankle)

Ankle Fractures In Children

Calcaneus (Heel Bone) Fractures

Cervical Fracture (Broken Neck)

Clavicle Fracture (Broken Collarbone)

Compartment Syndrome

Distal Femur (Thighbone) Fractures of the Knee

Distal Humerus Fractures of the Elbow

Distal Radius Fractures (Broken Wrist)

Elbow (Olecranon) Fractures

Elbow Dislocation

Elbow Fractures in Children

Female Athlete Triad: Problems Caused by Extreme Exercise and Dieting

Femur Shaft Fractures (Broken Thighbone)

Finger Fractures

Forearm Fractures in Children

Fracture After Total Hip Replacement

Fractures (Broken Bones)

Fractures of the Proximal Tibia (Shinbone)

Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

Growth Plate Fractures

Hand Fractures

High School Sports Injuries

Hip Dislocation

Hip Fractures

Infections After Fracture

Lawn Mower Injuries in Children

Lisfranc (Midfoot) Injury

Nonunions

Open Fractures

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis and Spinal Fractures

Patellar (Kneecap) Fractures

Pelvic Fractures

Pilon Fractures of the Ankle

Radial Head Fractures of the Elbow

Scaphoid Fracture of the Wrist

Scapula (Shoulder Blade) Fractures

Shoulder Pain and Common Shoulder Problems

Shoulder Trauma (Fractures and Dislocations)

Stress Fractures

Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Talus Fractures

Thighbone (Femur) Fractures In Children

Thumb Fractures

Tibia (Shinbone) Shaft Fractures

Toe and Forefoot Fractures

Transient Osteoporosis of the Hip

 

ARTHRITIS

 

Adult Spondylolisthesis in the Low Back

Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle

Arthritis of the Hand

Arthritis of the Knee

Arthritis of the Shoulder

Arthritis of the Thumb

Arthritis of the Wrist

Arthritis: An Overview

Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck)

Gout

Inflammatory Arthritis of the Hip

Juvenile Arthritis

Kienböck's Disease

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of the Elbow

Osteoarthritis of the Hip

Osteoarthritis of the Hip Animation -

Osteoarthritis of the Knee Animation -

Osteonecrosis of the Hip

Osteonecrosis of the Knee

Patellofemoral Arthritis

Patient Story: Orthopaedic Trauma and Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle

Stiff Big Toe (Hallux Rigidus)

 

 

BONE HEALTH

 

Active Families: The Foundation for a Lifetime of Bone and Joint Health

Bone Health Basics

Calcium, Nutrition, and Bone Health

Effects of Aging

Exercise and Bone Health

Exercise Walking

Fitness for Kids

Guidelines for Preventing Falls

Healthy Bones at Every Age

Hip Fracture Prevention

Osteoporosis Prevention

Osteoporosis Prevention Starts Early

Physical Activity for Persons with Mental Retardation

s for Seniors

Seniors and Exercise

Seniors and Exercise: Starting An Exercise Program

Smoking and Musculoskeletal Health

Staying Active As You Age

The Impact of Childhood Obesity on Bone, Joint, and Muscle Health

Vitamin D for Good Bone Health

 

 

 

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS

 

Electrodiagnostic Testing

Glossary of Orthopaedic Diagnostic Tests

Pregnancy and X-rays

Spinal Injections

X-rays, CT Scans and MRIs

 

NON-SURGICAL TREATMENTS AND MEDICATIONS

 

About Casts

Care of the Diabetic Foot

Getting the Most Out of Your Doctor's Visit

Glucosamine and Chondroitin Sulfate

Managing Arthritis Pain With Exercise

Nonsurgical Treatment Options for Scoliosis

Orthotics

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)

Spinal Injections

Treatment Options for Low Back Pain

Understanding Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Viscosupplementation Treatment for Knee Arthritis

What Are NSAIDs?

 

 

ARTHROSCOPY (KEYHOLE SURGERY)

 

ACL Injury: Does It Require Surgery?

ACL Reconstruction Procedure

Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

Arthroscopy

Elbow Arthroscopy

Hip Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy

Meniscal Transplant Surgery

Patient Safety

Preparing for Surgery - Learning Modules

Questions to Ask Your Doctor Before Surgery

Shoulder Arthroscopy

Wrist Arthroscopy

PREPARING FOR SURGERY

Anesthesia for Hip and Knee Surgery

Before and After Total Joint Replacement

Bone Grafts in Spine Surgery

Getting the Most Out of Your Doctor's Visit

Patient Guide to Safe Surgery

Patient Safety

Patients Are Important Members of the Healthcare Team

Preparing for Low Back Surgery

Preparing for Surgery - Learning Modules

Preparing for Surgery: Health Condition Checklist

Preparing for Surgery: Medication Safety Checklist

Questions to Ask Your Doctor Before Surgery

Scoliosis Surgery: Things to Consider

Surgery and Smoking

Surgical Safety Checklist: Steps Your Healthcare Team Takes

 

 

JOINT REPLACEMENT SURGERY

 

Anesthesia for Hip and Knee Surgery

Before and After Total Joint Replacement

Hip Resurfacing

Knee Replacement Implants

Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement

Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement

Obesity, Weight Loss, and Joint Replacement Surgery

Orthopaedic Evidence-Based Medicine

Patellofemoral Replacement

Patient Safety

Patient Story: Ankle Joint Replacement

Patient Story: Osteoarthritis and Total Knee Replacement

Patient Story: Posttraumatic Arthritis and Total Knee Replacement

Patients Are Important Members of the Healthcare Team

Preparing for Joint Replacement Surgery

Preparing for Surgery - Learning Modules

Preparing for Surgery: Health Condition Checklist

Preparing for Surgery: Medication Safety Checklist

Preventing Infection After Joint Replacement Surgery

Questions and Answers About Metal-on-Metal Hip Implants

Questions to Ask Your Doctor Before Surgery

Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement

Revision Total Hip Replacement

Revision Total Knee Replacement

Shoulder Joint Replacement

Surgical Safety Checklist: Steps Your Healthcare Team Takes

Total Elbow Replacement

Total Hip Replacement

Total Hip Replacement Procedure

Total Joint Replacement

Total Joint Replacement: Questions Patients Should Ask Their Surgeon

Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement Procedure

Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

Wrist Joint Replacement (Wrist Arthroplasty)

 

Total Joint Replacement: Questions Patients Should Ask Their Surgeon

 

 

RECOVERY FROM SURGERY

 

Activities After Hip Replacement

Activities After Knee Replacement

Alternative Methods to Help Manage Pain After Orthopaedic Surgery

Dislocation After Total Hip Replacement

Foot and Ankle Conditioning Program

Hip Conditioning Program

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Conditioning Program

Low Back Surgery

Managing Pain With Medications After Orthopaedic Surgery

Preventing Blood Clots After Orthopaedic Surgery

Rotator Cuff and Shoulder Conditioning Program

Shoulder Surgery

Spine Conditioning Program

Total Hip Replacement

Total Knee Replacement

 

 

REHABILITATION EXERCISE HANDOUTS

 

Foot and Ankle Rehabilitation Exercises

Hip Rehabilitation Exercises

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Rehabilitation Exercises

Low Back Surgery

Rotator Cuff and Shoulder Rehabilitation Exercises

Shoulder Surgery

Spine Rehabilitation Exercises

Total Hip Replacement

Total Knee Replacement

 

 

 

FITNESS AND EXERCISE

 

Active Families: The Foundation for a Lifetime of Bone and Joint Health

Aerobic Exercise

Athletic Shoes

Creatine Supplements

Cross Training

Exercise and Arthritis

Exercise and Bone Health

Exercise Walking

Fitness for Kids

Flexibility Exercises for Young Athletes

Physical Activity for Persons with Mental Retardation

Safe Exercise

Selecting Home Exercise Equipment

Seniors and Exercise

Seniors and Exercise: Starting An Exercise Program

Sports Injury Prevention for Baby Boomers

Sports Nutrition

Starting a Strength Training Program

Starting an Exercise Program

Staying Active As You Age

The Risks of Steroid Use

Tips for a Safe Running Program

Warm Up, Cool Down and Be Flexible

 

 

SPORTS INJURY PREVENTION

 

A Guide to Safety for Young Athletes

Athletic Shoes

Baseball Injury Prevention

Basketball Injury Prevention

Creatine Supplements

Cross Training

Flexibility Exercises for Young Athletes

Football Injury Prevention

Golf Injury Prevention

Gymnastics Injury Prevention

Helmet Safety

Hockey Injury Prevention

Horseback Riding Injury Prevention

Martial Arts Injury Prevention

Safe Exercise

Skiing Injury Prevention

Soccer Injury Prevention

Sports Injury Prevention for Baby Boomers

Sports Nutrition

Swimming Injury Prevention

Tennis Injury Prevention

The Risks of Steroid Use

Tips for a Safe Running Program

Volleyball Injury Prevention

Warm Up, Cool Down and Be Flexible

Winter Sports Injury Prevention

Yoga Injury Prevention

 

 

HOME AND RECREATIONAL SAFETY

 

About Holiday Safety

All-Terrain Vehicle Safety

Backpack Safety

Bicycle Safety

Child Safety Seats

Driving Safety

Family Violence: Healthcare Professionals Can Connect Patients to Community s

Footwear Guide

Golf Injury Prevention

Guidelines for Preventing Falls

Halloween Safety Tips

Helmet Safety

Home Safety Checklist

Horseback Riding Injury Prevention

How to Sit at a Computer

Inline Skating Injury Prevention

Ladder Safety Guide

Lawn Mower Safety

Motorcycle Safetypublic service announcement

Playground Safety Guide

Playground Safety: Tips for Kids

Prevent Snow Shoveling and Snowblowing Injuries

Preventing Back Pain at Work and at Home

Preventing Back Pain: Tips for New Moms

s for Seniors

Safety Guide for Mature Drivers

Scooter-Related Injury Prevention

Shoes: Finding the Right Fit

Skateboarding Safety

Skiing Injury Prevention

Sledding Injury Prevention

Swimming Injury Prevention

Tips for Lifting and Carrying Luggage

Trampoline Injury Prevention

Winter Sports Injury Prevention

Yoga Injury Prevention

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

REHABILITATION EXERCISE HANDOUTS

 

Back Pain - Managing back pain

Back pain guide tool

ORTHOPAEDIC CONDITIONS

 

Adhesive capsulitis

Arm or elbow pain

Back pain

Back Pain - Neck pain

Back Pain - Sciatica

Back Pain - Shoulder pain

Back Pain - Slipped disc

Back Pain - Spondylolisthesis

Blood clot

Blood clot - Arterial thrombosis

Blood clot – Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Blood clot - Pulmonary embolism

Blood transfusion

Bone spur (osteophyte)

Brittle bones

Bunion

Bursitis

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Cervical rib

Cervical spondylosis

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Coccydynia

Compartment syndrome

Complex regional pain syndrome

Congenital hip dislocation

CRPS

Deep vein thrombosis

Dupuytren's contracture

DVT

Elbow or arm pain

Embolism

Epicondylitis

Excision of ganglion

Flat feet

Foot drop

Foot pain

Fragile bones

Frozen shoulder

Gout

Hallux valgus

Hand pain

Heel pain

Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy

Hereditary neuropathy with pressure palsies (HNPP)

Hip dysplasia (children)

Hip pain in adults

Hunchback

Hypermobility

Impingement syndrome (trapped shoulder tendon)

Ingrown toenail

Joint hypermobility

Joint pain

Knee pain

Knee surgery, anterior cruciate ligament

Knee, housemaid's

Knock knees

Kyphosis

Lateral epicondylitis

Lumbago (low back pain)

Lumbar decompression surgery

Medial tibial stress syndrome

Median nerve compression

Metatarsalgia

Nail patella syndrome

Neck pain

Neck stiffness

Osgood-Schlatter's disease

Osteophyte (bone spur)

Pain, shoulder

Paraesthesia

Paralysis

Pins and needles

Plantar fasciitis

Popliteal cyst

Prolapsed disc

Raynaud's phenomenon

Repetitive strain injury (RSI)

Rib, cervical

RSI

Sciatica

Scoliosis

Shin splints

Shoulder pain

Shoulder tendon, trapped

Spondylolisthesis

Stiff neck

Syringomyelia

Tendonitis

Tennis elbow

Tenosynovitis

Trigger finger

Twisted neck

Upper limb disorder

Venous thromboembolism (VTE)

Weight loss (unexpected and unplanned)

Work related upper limb disorder (WRULD)